Eleutherodactylus oxyrhyncus

Subgenus: Euhyas
family: Eleutherodactylidae
subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Haiti


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is restricted to the Massif de la Hotte and the Massif de la Selle, in Hispaniola, where it has been recorded from 333-1,212 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is found under rocks in upland primary forest. Although it was collected at the edge of forest in a disturbed area, this is unlikely to be suitable habitat. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.


It was moderately common in suitable habitat, which has now largely disappeared within its range. It was last recorded in 1991 (Hedges and Díaz 2009).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threat to the species is habitat destruction, primarily due to logging by local people (charcoaling) and slash-and-burn agriculture, which is taking place even in the protected areas of the La Hotte and La Selle ranges.

Conservation Actions

This species occurs in the Parc National Macaya and Parc National Morne La Visite, but there is no management of these areas for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. Improved management of these protected areas, and maintenance of the remaining habitat within the species' range, is essential.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because of an expected population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat on the Massif de la Hotte and the Massif de la Selle, Haiti.


Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas 2010. Eleutherodactylus oxyrhyncus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56819A11538981. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


IUCN Terms of Use