Poyntonophrynus vertebralis
Pygmy Toad
family: Bufonidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: South Africa


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species has been recorded from a wide area in central South Africa and Lesotho, and also another near the Botswana border. Apparently isolated populations are perhaps part of a contiguous range. It is likely to be found in southern Botswana. It probably occurs mainly below 1,500 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This species lives in Nama karroo shrubland, grassland, dry savannah and pastureland. It breeds in temporary shallow pans, pools or depressions containing rainwater, quarries, and rock pools along rivers.


It is a locally common species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Overall, it is not seriously threatened. In some places it is negatively impacted by maize farming, but it does better in areas of livestock farming.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in several protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats and its presumed large population.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Poyntonophrynus vertebralis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T54793A3020048. .Downloaded on 17 January 2019


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