This species is known only from its type locality at Omiltemi in the Sierra Madre del Sur, central Guerrero, Mexico, at altitudes of 2,200-2,600 m asl. Its extent of occurrence is 670 km2.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits pine, oak and pine-oak forests, and requires an abundance of leaf-litter on the ground. It breeds by direct development.
This is a rare species; the most recent collection was made in 2009 (L. Canseco, pers. comm. Red List Assessment workshop June 2014). The population trend is unknown.
Habitat loss and disturbance due to smallholder farming activities, livestock and removal of wood through logging and subsistence collection, is having a negative impact on the microhabitat of this species. It is presumed that this species could be affected by chytrid fungus.
This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).
This species is in urgent need of habitat protection, and surveys are required to see if the species is distributed in the State Omiltemi Park, although the park has been subject to human activities that jeopardize the survival of the native fauna and flora. It has been argued that it was never officially designated, yet Flores-Villela et al. (2010) state that it has been degazetted.
Further research is needed in to population size distribution and trends.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is 670 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and it is probable that the species could be affected by chytridiomycosis.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2015. Craugastor omiltemanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T56809A53966103. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T56809A53966103.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019