This species is known only from the vicinity of the type locality of El Tambo municipality, Department of Cauca, on the western slope of the Cordillera Occidental in Colombia. It occurs at elevations between 1,200–1,500 m asl. Its EOO is 10 km2 and it occurs at a single threat-defined location, however it probably occurs more widely.
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits premontane forest. It is active on low vegetation adjacent to rocks streams and brooks inside primary forest. It breeds by direct development.
This is thought to be an uncommon species as it has only been collected a few times, although the range has not been well surveyed because of recent armed conflicts. The last voucher specimen is from 1993. This species is considered to have experienced a drastic population decline in the 1990s, inferred from the apparent disappearance of most of the population, with chytridiomycosis possibly implicated in the decline. The current population trend not well-understood, however due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.
Major threats include habitat loss caused by the cultivation of illegal crops, mining activities and spraying of glyphosate to eliminate illegal crops. Chytrid fungus has been found in localities near its range, but there is not information if chytridiomycosis was the cause of the population decline (G. González and B. Wilmar pers. comm. 2016).
Its range is adjacent to Parque Nacional Natural Munchique, but it has not been recorded from inside the park.
Improved habitat protection is required at this species' type locality.
Further research in population trends, ecology, threats and distribution are recommended for the species. There is a need for monitoring the population status of this species given the drastic population decline of the 1990s compounded by the current threat of habitat loss due to illegal crops and mining.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of its extent of occurrence (EOO) of 10 km2, it is considered to occur in one threat-defined location, and there is a continuing decline in the area and quality of its habitat due to cultivation of illegal crops, mining activities and spraying of agrochemicals to eliminate the illegal crops. The species has not recuperated from a drastic population decline in the 1990s, inferred from the apparent disappearance of most of the population, with chytridiomycosis possibly implicated in the decline.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Pristimantis jaimei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T56680A85870893. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T56680A85870893.en .Downloaded on 12 November 2018