Eleutherodactylus griphus

Subgenus: Euhyas
family: Eleutherodactylidae
subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Jamaica


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known presently from only three localities in Cockpit Country, central-western Jamaica. It has been recorded from 250-640m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is terrestrial, and is found only in pristine closed-canopy forests, and does not tolerate habitat disturbance. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.


It is a rare species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The primary threat to the species is habitat destruction, due to agriculture development, expansion of human settlements, cutting of timber for firewood, and selective logging. Improved access to previously inaccesible parts of the interior by means of the building of roads has led to increased deforestation and selective logging.

Conservation Actions

The majority of the Cockpit Country is government-owned Forest Reserve, although it has not yet been formally declared a protected area. Maintenance of the existing habitat is urgently required.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 10km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and the extent of its forest habitat in Cockpit County, Jamaica, is probably declining.


Blair Hedges 2004. Eleutherodactylus griphus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56633A11510817. .Downloaded on 22 January 2019


IUCN Terms of Use