This species is known presently from only three localities in Cockpit Country, central-western Jamaica. It has been recorded from 250-640m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is terrestrial, and is found only in pristine closed-canopy forests, and does not tolerate habitat disturbance. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.
It is a rare species.
The primary threat to the species is habitat destruction, due to agriculture development, expansion of human settlements, cutting of timber for firewood, and selective logging. Improved access to previously inaccesible parts of the interior by means of the building of roads has led to increased deforestation and selective logging.
The majority of the Cockpit Country is government-owned Forest Reserve, although it has not yet been formally declared a protected area. Maintenance of the existing habitat is urgently required.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 10km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and the extent of its forest habitat in Cockpit County, Jamaica, is probably declining.
Blair Hedges 2004. Eleutherodactylus griphus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56633A11510817. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56633A11510817.en .Downloaded on 20 November 2018