Eleutherodactylus grabhami

Subgenus: Euhyas
family: Eleutherodactylidae
subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Jamaica


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species has a restricted range in western and central Jamaica, with an altitudinal range of 150-670m asl. Much of the mapped range includes many historical localities, and it is unclear whether the species still occurs throughout this range.

Habitat and Ecology

It is found in terrestrial and arboreal bromeliads or on rocks in wet limestone forests, and appears to be intolerant of any disturbance to its habitat. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.


It is very rare, with only a few records in the last decade.

Population Trend


Major Threats

It is threatened by habitat degradation and deforestation due to agriculture, human settlements, logging, and bauxite mining.

Conservation Actions

Although recorded from several forest reserves, these do not guarantee the species' long-term protection, and there is a need to strengthen and improve the management of these reserves for biodiversity.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered because, despite its local abundance, its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Jamaica.


Blair Hedges, Susan Koenig, Byron Wilson 2004. Eleutherodactylus grabhami. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56625A11508558. .Downloaded on 19 January 2019


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