This species is restricted to the Massif de la Selle, in Haiti, where it has been recorded from 1,720-2,200 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
The species is known to occur in high-elevation pine forest, and has not been recorded from disturbed habitats. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.
It is very rare, and only a few specimens have ever been found. It was last recorded in the mid 1980s, but there have been few subsequent surveys.
Severe habitat destruction is the primary threat to this species, largely as a result of logging by local people (charcoaling) and slash-and-burn agriculture.
The species occurs in the Parc National Morne La Visite, but there is no active management of this area for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. Improved management of this protected area, and maintenance of the existing habitat, is urgently needed.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because a population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, is predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat: and because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single population, and the extent of its forest habitat on the Massif de la Selle, Haiti, is declining.
Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas, Robert Powell 2010. Eleutherodactylus darlingtoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56549A11495794. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T56549A11495794.en .Downloaded on 23 January 2019