AMPHIBIAWEB
Craugastor cruzi

Subgenus: Campbellius
family: Craugastoridae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia, Honduras

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species is known only from the type locality, the Cordillera Nombre de Dios on the Atlantic slope south of La Ceiba in northern Honduras at 1,520m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

The two known specimens were collected along a very small stream in lower montane wet forest.

Population

A landslide destroyed the stream where the type specimen was collected in 1988. Visits to the area in 1995 and 1996 turned up no additional specimens.

Population Trend

decreasing

Major Threats

The major threat is likely to be chytridiomycosis, leading to a catastrophic population decline, as has occurred in many other high-elevation amphibian species that are associated with streams. Considering that all streamside Craugastor above 900m asl in Honduras have disappeared recently, this species might well be extinct.

Conservation Actions

The type locality of this species is within Parque Nacional Pico Bonito. Surveys to determine whether or not there are surviving populations of this species are needed; given the threat of chytridiomycosis, surviving individuals might need to form the basis for the establishment of an ex-situ population.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)

Rationale

Listed as Critically Endangered because of a drastic population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the last three generations, inferred from the apparent disappearance of most of the population (probably due to chytridiomycosis); and because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, and its Area of Occupancy is less than 10 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the number of mature individuals.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).

Citation

Larry David Wilson, Randy McCranie, Gustavo Cruz 2004. Craugastor cruzi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56537A11494269. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56537A11494269.en .Downloaded on 14 November 2018

 

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