This species is known only from a few localities within Parque Nacional Natural Munchique in the department of Cauca, in the cloud forests on the western slopes of the western Andes in south-western Colombia, from 2,200-2,440m asl. However, it may be more widely distributed than is currently known.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs on the ground among logs and rocks inside cloud forests, and has not thus far been recorded outside forest habitat. It breeds by direct development.
It is not a common species. Recent fieldwork has failed to find the species at any of the known localities (but the species has always been rare so no conclusions can be drawn yet).
A major threat to the species is habitat loss within the park, due to the planting of illegal crops.
Although the known distribution of the species is wholly within Parque Nacional Natural Munchique, this protected area is in need of improved and strengthened management. Further survey work is necessary to determine the current population status of the species.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on the Western Cordillera of the Colombian Andes.
Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch 2004. Pristimantis cacao. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56484A11472445. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56484A11472445.en .Downloaded on 17 January 2019