This species occurs in the Sierra Nombre de Dios, the Montaña La Muralla, and the Montaña Texiguat, in the departments of Atlántida, Colón, Yoro and Olancho in north-central Honduras, at 50-1,550m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives on the ground, along small and medium-sized streams in lowland moist forest, and premontane and lower montane wet forest. It does not tend to survive in degraded habitats. It is a species that breeds by direct development.
The lowland populations appear to be common, but higher elevation populations are severely reduced above 900m asl. However, a recent study found lowland (120 m) frogs strongly infected with chytrid fungus (Puschendorf et al., 2006).
The major threats include deforestation as a result of agricultural and livestock encroachment, human settlements, logging, fires and landslides. In addition, chytrid infection has recently been reported for a lowland population (Puschendorf et al., 2006).
It occurs in several protected areas, including Parque Nacional Pico Bonito and Parque Nacional Texiguat. Further research is necessary to establish the cause of declines at high elevations, particularly to ascertain whether chytrid is a threat.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less that 5,000km2, and its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 500km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and the extent of its forest habitat, and the number of mature individuals, in northern and north-central Honduras is declining.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Randy McCranie 2010. Craugastor aurilegulus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56442A11479043. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T56442A11479043.en .Downloaded on 21 January 2019