This species is known only from two sites in the Montana de Celaque, Departments of Lempira and Ocopepeque, western Honduras, at 1,400-1,840m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives on the ground along mountain streams in premontane and lower montane moist forest. It presumably breeds by direct development, with eggs laid on land.
It has always been extremely rare, and might now be extinct.
All streamside Craugastor known to occur above 900m asl have disappeared in Honduras for reasons that remain unclear, although infection with chytridiomycosis is clearly a possibility. Other threats include agricultural encroachment, wood extraction, forest fires, water pollution, and landslides.
One of the two recorded sites is in Parque Nacional Celaque. In view of the likely threat of chytridiomycosis, it is a very high priority to conduct surveys to relocate this species and determine its current population status; surviving individuals might need to form the basis for the establishment of an ex-situ population.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2 and its Area Of Occupancy is less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in the Montana de Celaque, western Honduras.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Randy McCranie 2004. Craugastor anciano. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56413A11472780. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56413A11472780.en .Downloaded on 20 January 2019