This species occurs in Calilegua, Ledesma Department, Jujuy Province and Arasayal, Orán Department, Salta Province, Argentina, from 700-1,700m asl. It is expected to occur more widely, and might be present in Bolivia.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species occurring in montane forests (Yungas). Its tolerance to habitat disturbance is not known. It reproduces in slow-flowing streams where the tadpoles also develop.
Although it is a rare species, it is nonetheless collected regularly.
Selective logging and clear-cutting of primary forests are the main threat to this species, although it is also being affected by the introduction of predatory fish (trout) and the alteration of watersheds.
It is present in Parque Nacional Calilegua and Parque Nacional Baritú.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in northwestern Argentina.
Esteban Lavilla 2004. Rhinella rumbolli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54752A11199768. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54752A11199768.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019