This species is known from the Cerrado of central Brazil, from the states of Pará and Piauí to Minas Gerais. It has been recorded from sea level up to 1,500m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in open areas, and is associated with permanent streams and ponds, where the females lay their eggs. It appears to adapt well to anthropogenic disturbance, even occurring in urban areas.
It is a common species.
Agriculture, fire and dam construction are major threats to the species' habitat.
Its range includes several protected areas.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This species was formerly confused with Rhinella marina.
Rogério Bastos, Dante Pavan, Paula Cabral Eterovick, Débora Silvano 2010. Rhinella rubescens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T54750A11199260. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T54750A11199260.en .Downloaded on 18 January 2019