This species is known only from the Serrania Siberia (17 50' S, 64 45' W, 2500-3160 masl), on the border of the departments of Cochabamba and Santa Cruz, (provinces of Carrasco and Caballero, respectively), Bolivia (De la Riva, 2007).
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species inhabiting cloud and elfin forest, and its ability to adapt to altered habitats is not known. It has been found near rocks along a road, under stones and logs, on moss and on tree roots, and is both diurnal and nocturnal (males call both day and night, De la Riva, 2007). Breeding is by direct development.
It is apparently a fairly common species. However, it does not seem to have been recorded since 1994, though this is probably the last time a herpetologist visited the area where it occurs.
There is ongoing habitat loss and degradation, due to the activities of smallholder farmers, timber harvesting, and expanding human settlements. In addition, a restricted geographic distribution and the predicted effects of climate change (e.g. drying up of regions) are considered to pose serious threats to the species (I. De la Riva, pers. comm. 2008).
It probably occurs in Carrasco National Park. Further survey work is needed to determine the current population status of the species.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable in view of its extent of occurrence of less than 20,000 km2, with all individuals in fewer than ten locations, and a projected decline in the extent and quality of its habitat due to habitat loss and climate change.
Ignacio De la Riva 2008. Psychrophrynella kempffi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T57215A11601334. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T57215A11601334.en .Downloaded on 23 January 2019