Scutiger sikimmensis
Sikkim Alpine Toad
family: Megophryidae

© 2013 Kai Wang (1 of 3)

AmphibiaChina 中国两栖类.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is found throughout much of Nepal and in parts of northern India (West Bengal, Sikkim and Meghalaya) and from southern Xizang province (Yadong, Cona and Nielamu) in China. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest, especially in areas between known sites, and is expected to occur in Bhutan. It is present at elevations between 2,700 and 5,000m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is an alpine species associated with small streams, seepages, stream-fed marshes and the surrounding forests and grassland habitats. It is known to breed in streams.


In Nepal and India this species is considered common, but in China fewer than ten specimens have been collected and it is considered rare.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threats to this species are the diversion of water from breeding streams for agricultural use (irrigation), and water pollution from the use of agrochemicals.

Conservation Actions

The Nielamu location in China is within the Yadong National Nature Reserve.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Taxonomic Notes

Records of Scutiger sikkimensis from northern Myanmar refer to S. adungensis.


Fei Liang, Michael Wai Neng Lau, Sushil Dutta, Annemarie Ohler, Tej Kumar Shrestha 2004. Scutiger sikimmensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57622A11665087. .Downloaded on 20 January 2019


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