Sclerophrys pardalis
Leopard Toad
family: Bufonidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: South Africa


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species, which is endemic to South Africa, is known mainly from the Eastern Cape Province east to Umtata in the former Transkei, with a few records from the Western Cape Province. It is mainly found quite close to the coast, but it ranges inland to Grahamstown, Kei Road, Stutterheim and Amatola Mountains. It is generally below 1,000 m asl, but ranges up to 1,500 m asl in a few places.

Habitat and Ecology

It is a species of grassy, open bushveld areas, and also thickets and agricultural areas. It breeds in large, permanent, usually deep pools, and calls from floating vegetation.


It is locally abundant, although populations declined in some areas due to habitat loss.

Population Trend


Major Threats

It is probably being impacted by habitat fragmentation as a result of urban and agricultural development. Significant numbers of animals are also killed on roads.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in several protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern since, although it have a somewhat restricted distribution, it is tolerant of a broad range of habitats and it has a presumed large population.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was under the generic name Amietophrynus but is now treated under Sclerophrys (Frost 2016).

This is an amended assessment created to account for the change in generic name.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2016. Sclerophrys pardalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T54724A107348953. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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