This species is known from the central mountain ranges of Papua, Indonesia to western Papua New Guinea. It has been recorded from 2,200-2,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits high-elevation mossy rainforest, otherwise nothing known. Like other species in the genus, it presumably breeds by direct development.
It was observed to be uncommon, but very little information is known.
There are local threats from mining; in particular Mount Fubilan has been reduced to nothing by mining.
The Extent of Occurrence, habitat requirements and population status of this species need to be documented. It is not known to occur within any protected areas.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern since, although its currently known Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, it occurs in an area of extensive, suitable habitat which appears not to be under significant threat, it has a presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Stephen Richards, Fred Parker 2004. Xenorhina similis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58049A11722129. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58049A11722129.en .Downloaded on 18 January 2019