This species ranges widely in northern Venezuela, east to northern Suriname, and it is also present on Trinidad Island (in Trinidad and Tobago). It is presumed to occur in northern Guyana, though there are not yet any records from this country. Records from Colombia and Panama refer to Relictivomer pearsei (see Taxonomic Notes). It is a lowland species occurring up to at least 500 m asl, and all records are from close to sea level.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species of tropical forest, including closed-canopy secondary forest, and possibly also coastal savannahs. In Trinidad animals occur in the forest leaf-litter; males may be found calling from small water-filled stump holes (Murphy 1991). It is not found in open country on Trinidad (Kenny 1969). Spawning takes place in temporary pools, the eggs float and are non-adhesive, and the larvae develop in the same waterbodies.
There is little information, but it is possibly a rare species.
The threats to this species are not well known. It is generally considered to be threatened by habitat loss and degradation, presumably this is localized and is a result of deforestation, although this requires confirmation.
It is not known if the species is present in any protected areas. Further research into the taxonomy of this species is urgently needed.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This species is possibly the same species as E. ovalis. It is possible that Relictivomer pearsei is a synonym of this species (and it was treated as such by Kenny (1969)). However, we treat them here as separate species, pending a review of their relationships.
Hoogmoed, M., MacCulloch, R., La Marca, E., Reynolds, R., Hardy, J. & Barrio-Amorós, C.L. 2004. Elachistocleis surinamensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57812A86639828. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57812A11686300.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019