This species is found in the Bolivian Andes, in Cochabamba, Santa Cruz and La Paz Departments. It is know from the type locality, El Chape, in Florida Province, Santa Cruz Department, at an altitude of 2,050m asl, and from Campamento Fortaleza, in Carrasco Province, Cochabamba Department, from 1,875-2,220m asl, and from four localities in Nor Yungas Province, in La Paz Department, from 1,440-2,250m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits wet montane forest including cloud and Yungas forest. Köhler (2000a) suggests that it is probably restricted to primary forest. The larvae develop in streams.
The population status of this species is not known.
The major threat to this species is habitat destruction and degradation caused primarily by agriculture.
Its range includes Parque Nacional Carrasco and Parque Nacional Amboro.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.
Claudia Cortez, Steffen Reichle, Ignacio De la Riva, Jörn Köhler 2004. Rhinella justinianoi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54675A11184857. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54675A11184857.en .Downloaded on 18 January 2019