This species occurs in the vicinity of Joinville in eastern Santa Catarina State, Brazil, from approximately 0-400m asl. It probably occurs more widely than is currently known.
Habitat and Ecology
This is an aquatic species in lentic habitats that is known to be viviparous.
There is no information regarding its population status, and there have been few recent specimens collected.
There is very little information on threats to it, although water pollution from agricultural and industrial sources is possibly a threat.
It is not confirmed as occurring in any protected areas, although it might occur in some. It is in need of taxonomic review (Wilkinson pers. comm.).
Red List Status
Data Deficient (DD)
Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing uncertainties as to its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.
The taxonomic status of this species is unclear. There is a history of confusion between this species and Luetkenotyphlus brasiliensis (Wilkinson pers. comm.).
John Measey, Mark Wilkinson, Débora Silvano, Paulo Garcia 2004. Chthonerpeton viviparum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T59541A11960849. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T59541A11960849.en .Downloaded on 17 January 2019