This species occurs in Panama and northwestern Colombia. In Panama it has been recorded from central Pacific lowlands, Isla Saboga in the Archipelago de las Perlas, and cordilleras in the southeast of Darien Province. In Colombia it is known from only one specimen from Turbo in Antioquia Department. It is thought to be mainly a lowland species.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a subterranean species, also sometimes occurring in moist leaf-litter in humid tropical montane and lowland forest. It appears to be tolerant of some anthropogenic habitats, and has been encountered on a number of occasions in urban areas (Marvalee Wake pers. comm., 2007). It has beenn collected as deep as 10m down during building construction (Marvalee Wake pers. comm., 2007). Its breeding habits are unknown.
In Panama, it is a widely distributed species existing at low densities (Marvalee Wake pers. comm., 2007). It has not been recorded from Colombia since the 1940s.
There is no information on threats to this species, since its susceptibility to habitat alteration is not known.
It is not known from any protected areas in Colombia. In Panama the species has been recorded from a number of protected areas including Parque Nacional Altos de Campana and Parque Nacional Soberania, and also from Barro Colorado Island.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Lynch, J., Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Jaramillo, C., Fuenmayor, Q., Wilkinson, M. & Wake, M. 2008. Oscaecilia ochrocephala. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59583A11953983. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T59583A11953983.en .Downloaded on 18 January 2019