This species is only known from the type locality, Vía El Morro, in the district of Libertador, in the state of Mérida, Venezuela, from 1,800-2,300m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits mountain streams in cloud forest. The eggs are laid on land and the male protects the eggs. When they are hatched, the male carries the larvae on his back to water where they develop further.
It is an uncommon species.
The major threats are agriculture, involving both crops and livestock, and predation on larvae by invasive trout; the area of occupancy of this species is now less than 20km².
A population may be protected within Parque Nacional Sierra Nevada. Continued and strengthened management of this area, and expansion of the existing protected areas network to include other montane forest habitat in the Venezuelan Andes, are necessary.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered, because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 500 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in its area of occupancy and in the extent and quality of its habitat.
Enrique La Marca, Juan Elías García-Pérez 2004. Aromobates serranus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55260A11265129. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T55260A11265129.en