Until recently, this species was only known from the type locality at 830m asl, on the road from La Fria to Michelena, in Táchira State, Venezuela, although another population was found close by at a slightly higher elevation (about 1,500m asl). More recently, an additional locality was found along the piedmont of the Cordillera de Mérida. It may occur in suitable habitat in the near vicinity (E. La Marca, pers. comm. 2008).
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in humid lower montane Andean forests. The eggs are laid on land and the male protects the eggs until they hatch when he carries the larvae on his back to water, where they develop further.
Some populations are still found along the Andean piedmont facing Lake Maracaibo. Recent field work has revealed several populations with numerous individuals (E. La Marca, pers. comm. 2008).
The main threat is habitat loss and degradation due to agriculture, involving both crops and livestock, as well as logging, water pollution, and infrastructure development for human settlement. The species' area of occurrence is subject to strong anthropogenic pressure (E. La Marca, pers. comm. 2008).
It does not occur in any protected areas, and some form of formal protection is urgently required to conserve the habitat of this species.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
Enrique La Marca, Juan Elías García-Pérez 2010. Aromobates saltuensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T55146A11260819. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T55146A11260819.en .Downloaded on 21 January 2019