Incilius coccifer
family: Bufonidae

© 2012 Javier Sunyer (1 of 20)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


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Bufo coccifer is a medium to large (males to 62 mm and females to 82 mm, SVL) rough-skinned toad that is highly variable in size, shape, color, skin texture and advertisement call. Cranial crests are prominent and the parietal crests are usually well developed. It differs from close relatives in the coccifer group as follows: larger and with smaller dorsal tubercles and smaller, less spinous ventral tubercles than B. cycladen, larger and with larger tubercles than B. pisinnus, lacking the large brown ventral spots in marbled pattern of B. signifer, smaller and with more rounded parotoid glands than B. ibarrai, and texture of the skin with more sharply spinose lateral tubercles in males than B. porteri.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


A Spanish-language species account can be found at the website of Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio).


Mendelson, J. R. III., Williams, B.L., Sheil, C.A., and Mulcahy, D.G. (2005). ''Systematics of the Bufo coccifer complex (Anura: Bufonidae) of Mesoamerica.'' Scientific Papers of the Natural History Museum University of Kansas, 38, 1-27.

Written by David Wake (wakelab AT, UC Berkeley
First submitted 2005-09-29
Edited by Mae Huo (2009-11-02)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2009 Incilius coccifer <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Mar 20, 2018.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2018. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 20 Mar 2018.

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