Gastrotheca splendens
family: Hemiphractidae

© 2003 Ignacio de la Riva (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bolivia, Colombia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from Abra de la Cruz, in Parque Nacional Amboro, Caballero Province, in the department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia, at 2,286m asl. It might occur a little more widely, but it probably has a restricted distribution.

Habitat and Ecology

It has been recorded from cloud forest and is probably a direct developing species.


It is known from only two individuals, one collected in 1857, and the other in 1997. It is clearly very rare, because the area where it was rediscovered has been well surveyed, without success.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat is habitat loss due to agriculture, involving both crops and livestock, as well as infrastructure development for human settlement. Chytridiomycosis is a potential future threat.

Conservation Actions

The only known locality is within Parque Nacional Amboro, and continued management of this area is essential to ensure the long-term survival of this species. Further survey work is needed to determine whether it might occur beyond the type locality.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered because of a predicted drastic population decline of more than 50% over the next ten years, due to habitat loss.

Taxonomic Notes

The original type locality of this species was Panama, but this is in error according to Savage and Heyer (1969) who suggested that the type specimen might have come from Colombia, Peru or Bolivia. Subsequently, Duellman and De la Riva (1999) found a single specimen. This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich et al. 2005).


Claudia Cortez, Steffen Reichle, Ignacio De la Riva, Jörn Köhler 2004. Gastrotheca splendens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55359A11298645. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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