This species is known from only four localities from the Cordillera Central and Occidental in the Department of Antioquia, and from the eastern slopes of the Cordillera Central in Caldas Department, Colombia, between 1,430–2,200 m asl. Its EOO is 11,382 km2.
Habitat and Ecology
This species is a canopy dweller restricted entirely to primary Andean forest. The eggs are carried in a pouch on the back of the female, where they develop directly without a larval stage.
It is known from only 10 specimens and is thought to be a rare species. The most recent record is from 1997 (M. Rivera pers. comm. 2017). Most of the population is in small sub-populations with no exchange of individuals among them, and is therefore considered as severely fragmented. Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.
The major threat is habitat destruction for agriculture and livestock, and as a result of logging.
This species has not been recorded in any protected areas.
Its habitat is in urgent need of protection, particularly since it is confined to primary intact forest.
Further survey work would help establish the species' current population status.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 11,382 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on the the Central Cordillera of the Colombian Andes.
This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich et al. 2005).
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Gastrotheca bufona. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T55326A85896270. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T55326A85896270.en