This species occurs in the Cordillera de la Costa and the Cordillera de Mérida, Venezuela, extending into the northern Cordillera Oriental (dept Norte de Santander) in Colombia. Its altitudinal range is 1,100-1,600m asl. The specimens from the Colombian and Venzuelan Andes belong to another, as yet, undescribed species (Barrio Amorós, 2004).
Habitat and Ecology
It is a species of pre-montane humid forests, that is particularly associated with bromeliads. The eggs are carried on the back of the female in a pouch, and the larvae are deposited in bromeliad axils. It can survive in degraded forest, so long as bromeliads are present.
It is an uncommon species. Four individuals were recorded in Venezuela in 1999, but there are no recent records from Colombia due to lack of surveys.
The major threats are deforestation for agricultural development, livestock, logging, and human settlement. Collection of bromeliads might also be a problem, at least locally, and habitat loss due to fire is also a threat.
Some populations protected within national parks in Venezuela, but it is not confirmed from any protected areas in Colombia.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich, et al., 2005).
Enrique La Marca, Juan Elías García-Pérez, María Cristina Ardila-Robayo, John Lynch 2004. Flectonotus pygmaeus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55319A11291392. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T55319A11291392.en .Downloaded on 20 November 2018