This species occurs on the Pacific slope from south central Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico south to Guatemala and western El Salvador, at elevations of 300-700m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in mid-elevation semi deciduous forest close to rivers and moderate-sized streams. It breeds in ponds and streams. It occurs in disturbed habitats, including shade coffee plantations.
It is common throughout its range, especially in southern Mexico.
Habitat destruction and possibly water pollution are threats to this species.
It occurs in the El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve and El Imposible National Park in El Salvador.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern since, although its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, it is common and adaptable with a presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Manuel Acevedo, Gunther Köhler, Antonio Muñoz Alonso 2010. Incilius canaliferus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T54602A11170656. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T54602A11170656.en .Downloaded on 20 January 2019