This species from southeastern Brazil occurs in coastal regions from the State of Espírito Santo to the State of São Paulo, and also in the interior in the State of Minas Gerais, north to São Domingos in the southern part of the State of Goiás. It is a low altitude species. It has been moved around outside its natural range in horticultural bromeliads.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a species of primary and secondary lowland forest, and of coastal "restinga" scrub. It can tolerate a moderate amount of habitat disturbance. They are usually found inside bromeliads. The eggs are laid in the shallow waters of temporary and permanent pools, ponds and small lakes. Reproductive activity has been reported for the month of December, and potentially may also occur in February (Abrunhosa et al., 2006).
It is a very common species.
The major threats are probably related to habitat loss due to agriculture, wood plantations, and collection of bromeliads, logging, and human settlement.
It occurs in many protected areas.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Carlos Frederico da Rocha, Sergio Potsch de Carvalho-e-Silva, Monique Van Sluys 2010. Trachycephalus nigromaculatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56050A11417783. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T56050A11417783.en .Downloaded on 20 January 2019