Plectrohyla tecunumani
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Hylinae

© 2012 Carlos R. Vasquez-Almazan (1 of 4)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Guatemala


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from two localities in the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes in western Guatemala, at 3,200-3,395m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

All records have been from small caves, with streams flowing out of them. It is presumed that the adults live in the surrounding montane pine forest, which is now somewhat degraded.


The type series was collected in 1968. A visit to the cave where the series was collected in June 1989 turned up no individuals. The forest around the cave had been cleared, the area was heavily grazed, and the water in the stream in the cave was heavily silted. In 1995, a tadpole was found very close to the type locality in a stream that has subsequently dried up after the water was piped to the local community. In 2002, tadpoles were found at another locality (Magdalena). There are few other streams in the region and most natural habitat has been severely degraded.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threats to the species, as already indicated, include forest destruction (due to expanding farming and human settlements, as well as wood extraction) and deterioration of water quality. Chytridiomycosis is a potential threat, given the impact that it has had on some other members of this genus in Central America.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in the proposed Parque Nacional Cuchumatanes. Further survey work is required to determine the biology and population status and trends of this species and the limits of its range. In view of the threat of chytridiomycosis, ex-situ populations might need to be established

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes, Guatemala.


Manuel Acevedo, Eric Smith 2004. Plectrohyla tecunumani. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55886A11372029. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


IUCN Terms of Use