Plectrohyla acanthodes
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Hylinae

© 2010 Division of Herpetology, University of Kansas (1 of 2)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Guatemala, Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is found in the northern slopes of the Meseta Central de Chiapas, Mexico, and the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes, western Guatemala, from 1,540-2,200m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This species inhabits cloud forests, and is associated with mountain streams where it breeds.


It was common according to Duellman (2001) but it might now be uncommon. Recent searches in Guatemala have failed to find the species, and it seems that this population is declining. It is known now from only one locality in Chiapas, in a fragile ecosystem supporting only a few individuals.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The expansion of agriculture and human settlements in northern Chiapas and Guatemala are a major threat. However, the observed decrease might also be due to chytridiomycosis, which has seriously affected other stream-breeding amphibians in the region.

Conservation Actions

This species is not known to occur in any protected areas, and protection of the Chiapan cloud forests is urgently needed to ensure the persistence of this, and other endemic, species in the region. Given the possible threat of chytridiomycosis, recommended conservation measures might need to include the establishment of a captive-breeding programme. Further research is needed to determine whether or not the species has been affected by chytrid. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its current Extent of Occurrence is less than 100km2, it is now only known from one location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in Guatemala and Mexico, most likely due to chytridiomycosis.


Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez, Manuel Acevedo, Antonio Muñoz Alonso, Joseph Mendelson III 2006. Plectrohyla acanthodes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T55870A11383728. .Downloaded on 18 January 2019


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