Swat Green Toad, Swati gauk
|Taxonomic Notes: This is a triploid species of complex orgin, but likely involving hybridization of two related diploid species (see several publications by Stoeck and coauthors: Evolution 2006 Mol Phyl Evo, 2010 Evol, 2012 PRSB, 2015 Heredity, 2015 J Biog.).|
© 2008 Rafaqat Masroor (1 of 1)
Recently Stock et al. (1999) gave independent specific rank Bufo pseudoraddei to this toad, since it differs from Bufo viridis and Bufo latastii in its shorter parotids, color pattern, and open habiat ecology within the zone of Himalayan coniferous forests and moist temperate forests. A new taxon Bufo pseudoraddei baturae has recently been described from northeastern Pakistan. It inhabits marginal vegetation along torrents in the glacier-ridden part of Pakistan. In this subspecies parotid glands are inconspicuous; interorbital space is smaller or nearly equal the internarial space; subarticular tubercles single under toes; often double on first, second and in some third finger.
Color: Dorsum grayishgreen or grayishbrown, with irregular dark green spottings, mostly smaller or about the size of the eye. Spots partially connected to form a marbled pattern with indentated margins. In male brownish or grayish irregular spots at extremities.
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Afghanistan, Pakistan
While Bufo pseudoraddei baturae is distributed: Passu, Swat, Karakoram Range, Gilgit Agency, Baltistan, Pakistan.
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Trends and Threats
Relation to Humans
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
Local pesticides, fertilizers, and pollutants
For references in the text, see here
Khan recognizes two subspecies for Bufo pseudoraddei, they are: Bufo pseudoraddei pseudoraddei and Bufo pseudoraddei baturae . In this species account, the descriptions are shown seperately (added by V. Vredenburg).
Eiselt, V.J. and Schmidtler, J.F. (1973). ''Froschlurche aus dem Iran unter Berucksichtigung ausseriranischer Populations-gruppen.'' Annals Naturhistorische Museum Wien, 77, 181-243.
Stöck, M., Schmid, M., Steinlein, C., and Grosse, W-R. (1999). ''Mosaicism in somatic triploid specimens of the Bufo viridis complex in the Karakoram with examination of calls, morphology and taxonomic conclusions.'' Italian Journal of Zoology, 66, 215-232.
Written by M.S. Khan (typhlops99 AT hotmail.com), Herp Lab, Rabwah-35460, Pakistan
First submitted 2002-04-07
Edited by V. Vredenburg, MVZ (2013-07-08)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2013 Bufotes pseudoraddei: Swat Green Toad <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/5943> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Dec 11, 2018.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2018. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 11 Dec 2018.
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