This species is known only from two localities (Koyna and Aboli) in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India. Specimens have been recorded at elevations between 900 and 1,200m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a terrestrial toad of moist to wet evergreen forest, and dry riparian grassland. Its breeding has not been recorded, but it presumably takes place in water, probably in streams, by larval development.
It is a rare species, and is uncommon at the type locality.
The main threat to this species is habitat loss due to agriculture and clear cutting of forests.
It has been recorded from the Konya Wild Life Sanctuary, but expanded protection of forest habitats in the species' range is needed. Further research is needed into the range and breeding biology of this species.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Western Ghats of Maharastra.
The taxonomy and relationships of this species need re-evaluation (Biju 2001).
S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Robert Inger 2004. Xanthophryne koynayensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54684A11173845. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54684A11173845.en