Thorius smithi
Smith's minute salamander
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2010 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 3)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from south-west of Vista Hermosa and Metates towns, in the Sierra de Juarez in north central Oaxaca, Mexico, at 800-1,500m asl. It might occur more widely than is currently known.

Habitat and Ecology

It inhabits cloud forest and tropical forest at moderate altitudes, where it lives on the ground under rocks and logs. Reproduction is presumably by direct development.


The is very rare, having only been recorded twice at two different locations despite numerous attempts to find it.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threat to this species is presumably the loss of its original forest habitat as a result of logging and expanding agricultural development.

Conservation Actions

It has not been found in any protected areas.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, James Hanken 2008. Thorius smithi. In: IUCN 2014


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