AmphibiaWeb - Thorius schmidti


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Thorius schmidti Gehlbach, 1959
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae
genus: Thorius
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Critically Endangered (CR)
National Status None
Regional Status None


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This is a moderately large species; adult standard length averages 22.5 mm in eight males (range 19.0-24.5) and 25.5 mm in nine females (range 21.8-29.5). The head is of moderate width; SL averages 7.2 times head width in males (range 6.7-7.9) and 7.5 times head width in females (range 7.1-7.9). Snouts are rounded to bluntly pointed. Nostrils are large and elongate; the mean ratio of major axis to minor axis is 1.3 in males (range 1.1-1.3) and 1.5 in females (range 1.2-1.9). The eyes are moderately protuberant and extend only slightly beyond the margin of the jaw in ventral view. A suborbital groove intersects the lip on each side of the head. There are 1-2 premaxillary teeth in males (mean 1.9) and 4-7 in females (mean 5.4). Vomerine teeth average 6.5 in males (range 4-10) and 8.0 in females (range 4-10). Maxillary teeth average 13.9 in males (range 7-19) and 22.6 in females (range 17-29). Limbs are of moderate length; limb interval averages 4.4 in males (range 3.5-5.5) and 5.2 in females (range 4-6). Hands and feet of adults are moderately large, with well defined, rounded digital tips on the two (hand) and three (feet) longest digits. The tail is relatively short and stout; mean SL divided by tail length equals 1.12 in six females (range 1.00-1.21) and 1.16 in the only male reference specimen with an intact tail. The mental gland is large and raised, longer than broad, and characteristically unpigmented; the parotoid gland is discrete.

Alcohol-preserved specimens have a tan to brown dorsal stripe bordered laterally by a dark line of pigment. Many have a herringbone pattern on the stripe. The venter is gray to gray-brown and lighter than the dorsum. There is extensive white flecking ventrally, particularly in the gular region and often extending onto the ventrolateral margins of the belly. There are no data available on the coloration in life (Hanken and Wake 1998).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico

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Thorius schmidti is known only from the type locality and adjacent forest localities west of the village of Zoquitlán in southern Puebla, Mexico. The recorded elevational range is 2560 to 2760 m. It is an exclusively terrestrial species; according to field notes by J. Hanken (18 Feb. 1976), specimens from 9 km W of Zoquitlán were collected on the ground of a steep, shaded, east-facing slope within dense pine-oak forest with abundant litter of pine needles (Hanken and Wake 1998).


Hanken, J. and Wake, D. B. (1998). ''Biology of the tiny animals: Systematics of the minute salamanders (Thorius: Plethodontidae) from Veracruz and Puebla, Mexico, with descriptions of five new species.'' Copeia, 1998(2), 312-345.

Originally submitted by: David B. Wake (first posted 2000-11-08)
Edited by: M. J. Mahoney (2002-02-18)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2002 Thorius schmidti <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed May 26, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 26 May 2024.

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