This species is endemic to the Bolivian Andes, where it has been recorded from the departments of Chuquisaca, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz (Köhler 2000a), from 1,000-2,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is an aquatic species, occurring in both open and forest habitats, in inter-Andean valleys. It can be found at night by the sides of roads, in waterways or trenches, or in ponds and small streams (Köhler 2000a). There is no information on its breeding biology, though it presumably takes place by larval development in water.
It is locally common, although it is apparently in decline.
It is probably declining because of water pollution, and habitat loss and degradation due to agricultural development, logging, and livestock grazing. Telmatobius populations living at higher altitudes might be particularly prone to becoming infected with chytridiomycosis, so this disease might be a potential threat for this species in the future.
It occurs in Parque Nacional El Palmar and Parque Nacional Amboró. Given the possible threat of chytridiomycosis there is a need for close monitoring of the population status of this species.
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened because this species is probably in significant decline (but probably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because of widespread habitat loss through much of its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
Populations from the La Siberia area, previously considered to belong to Telmatobius simonsi, have recently been described as T. sibiricus (De la Riva and Harvey 2003).
Claudia Cortez, Steffen Reichle, Ignacio De la Riva, Jörn Köhler 2004. Telmatobius simonsi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57362A11614005. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57362A11614005.en .Downloaded on 17 January 2019