M 36-38 mm. A very conspicuous frog of a distinct green-brown dorsal patterning and large spines all over the body. Ventral side greenish, femoral glands greenish (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Madagascar
An'Ala, Andasibe, Anjanaharibe, Vohidrazana (Glaw and Vences 2007). It occurs between 500-1,200 m asl, along brooks in primary forest (Andreone and Glaw 2008).
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Habits: In rainforests, calling from elevated positions of 2-4 m in the vegetation along streams (Glaw and Vences 2007). Breeding takes place in streams (Andreone and Glaw 2008).
Calls: A series of 4-5 "metallic" double-click notes (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Trends and Threats
Locally abundant but seasonal. It occurs in three protected areas: the Réserve Spéciale d'Analamazaotra, and Masoala and Marojejy National Parks. It has not been found in degraded habitat (Andreone and Glaw 2008).
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Habitat modification from deforestation, or logging related activities
Intensified agriculture or grazing
Predators (natural or introduced)
Taken with permission from Glaw and Vences (2007).
Andreone, F. and Glaw, F. (2008). Spinomantis phantasticus. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 29 April 2009.
Glaw, F., and Vences, M. (2007). Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences and Glaw Verlag, Köln.
Written by Miguel Vences and Frank Glaw (m.vences AT tu-bs.de), Assistant Professor and Curator of Vertebrates at the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Zoological Museum at the University of Amsterdam.
First submitted 2009-04-29
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2009-05-01)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2009 Spinomantis phantasticus <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/5632> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Apr 22, 2019.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2019. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 22 Apr 2019.
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