This species occurs only in a very small area of the western Alps on the border of Italy and France. It is distributed in the valleys of Po, Pellice, and Germanasca in Italy, and in the Guil Valley in France. An isolated population was recently discovered in Chisone valley, Italy. It has also been reported to be (or have been) present on the Maritime Alps, in Cuneo Province. This finding is based upon a single specimen housed in Florence Museum, and with a label indicating its provenance as "Antracque", which is a mistake for Entracque, Valdieri (Cuneo), Italy. The species has not been found again at Entracque or nearby sites. Ribéron (2003) concluded that the species' distribution is decreasing, but this assertion is based solely on the Entracque specimen. The altitudinal range is from 1,200 m asl (perhaps less) to around 2,600 m asl; the altitude record of 2,800 m asl and corresponding locality (Lago delle Forciolline), is most likely erroneous (Andreone and Sindaco 1999, Vences et al. 2003b, Andreone et al. 2004).
Habitat and Ecology
It is associated with rocky alpine meadows and scree slopes, often close to small streams, usually above the tree line. The known sites of this species at lower elevations may have mixed or coniferous forest. It gives birth to one to six fully metamorphosed young on land (Noellert and Noellert 1992), and is not associated with water. This species hides beneath rocks and stones when inactive and may be found in pastureland and other slightly modified habitats.
The small known populations of this species are considered to be stable. The Germanasca Valley (Torino Province) population was reduced during 2000 because of habitat changes caused by unusually high levels of precipitation.
While there are no major threats to this species, some localized development for tourism might be disturbing the habitat, and many individuals are killed by cars.
It is listed on Annex IV of the EU Habitats Directive and on Appendix II of the Bern Convention under Salamandra atra. There is a need to maintain traditional forest and alpine management within the species' range. It is found in protected areas in both Italy and France.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because it is known from fewer than five locations, and it is considered to be plausible that the species could decline in response to development within its restricted range.
Sindaco, R., Romano, A., Andreone, F., Miaud, C., Cheylan, M., Corti, C. & Geniez, P. 2009. Salamandra lanzai. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T19845A86476735. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T19845A9024197.en .Downloaded on 15 December 2018