Rhinella inca
family: Bufonidae

© 2009 José M. Padial (1 of 3)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Peru


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is restricted to southern Peru. Recorded from La Union, Departamento Ayacucho and the Amazonian slopes of Departamento Cuzco. It has an altitudinal range of 900-1,900m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

Its habitat consists of montane primary and secondary tropical forest. Breeds in slow streams and roadside ditches. It can be found at the edge of agricultural areas, but not in these areas.


It is a common species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Some localized deforestation for smallholder farming (eg. coffee and tea).

Conservation Actions

Occurs in the Parque Nacional Manu, Amarakaeri Reserved Zone and Bahuaja Sonene National Park.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Taxonomic Notes

This species is possibly a synonym of R. veraguensis.


Ariadne Angulo, Wilfredo Arizabal, Jesús Córdova-Santa Gadea 2004. Rhinella inca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54669A11184169.


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