Rhinella inca
family: Bufonidae

© 2006 William Leonard (1 of 3)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Peru



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is restricted to southern Peru. It has been recorded from La Union, Ayacucho Region and the Amazonian slopes of Cusco Region. It has an altitudinal range of 900–1,900 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This species inhabits montane primary and secondary tropical forest. It breeds by larval development in slow streams and roadside ditches. It can be found at the edge of agricultural areas, but not within these areas.


It is a common species and has a presumed stable population.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Some localized deforestation for smallholder farming for coffee and tea is taking place. In 2009, the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis was detected in this species at Kosñipata Valley, Manu National Park (Catenazzi et al. 2011). Chytridiomycosis has been implicated in the severe population declines in amphibian assemblages of the upper Manu National Park (Catenazzi et al. 2011), so the potential impacts chytrid infections on this species require further investigation.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It occurs in the Parque Nacional Manu, Amarakaeri Communal Reserve, and Bahuaja Sonene National Park.

Research Needed

More information is needed on the taxonomy, distribution, and population status of this species. Studies are needed to obtain information on its susceptibility to threatening processes, including chytrid fungus.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, and presumed large population.

Taxonomic Notes

This species is possibly a synonym of Rhinella veraguensis.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Rhinella inca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T54669A89197100. .Downloaded on 19 February 2019


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