Rhinella festae
Valle Santiago Beaked Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2014 Paul Szekely (1 of 3)

Anfibios del Ecuador

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Ecuador, Peru


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs at moderate and low altitudes (from 200-1,700m asl) on the eastern Andean slopes and in the upper Amazon Basin of Ecuador, and in the Cordillera de Cutucú and Cordillera del Condór, in Ecuador and Peru.

Habitat and Ecology

It is usually found in leaf-litter, and sometimes on low vegetation, in tropical rainforest, and premontane humid forest. There is no information known about breeding habits, although it presumably breeds by direct development like other species in the genus. It does not adapt well to anthropogenic disturbance, and is not known from secondary forest.


It is uncommon where it occurs.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threats to the species’ habitat are agricultural development, involving both cultivation of crops and livestock grazing, and logging.

Conservation Actions

Its range includes a few protected areas. Taxonomic research is needed to resolve the status of highland populations that might represent a different species.

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)


Listed as Near Threatened because its Extent of Occurrence is probably not much greater than 20,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat are declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.

Taxonomic Notes

Juveniles of this species can be confused with juveniles of the Rhinella margaritifera complex, and hence its distribution is poorly known. This might be a species complex (D. Cisneros-Heredia pers. comm.).


Ana Almendáriz, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Karl-Heinz Jungfer, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron 2004. Rhinella festae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54876A11205881.


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