Rhinella ceratophrys
family: Bufonidae

© 2007 Danté B Fenolio (1 of 1)

Anfibios del Ecuador

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species has a wide distribution in the upper Amazon; it is known from eastern Ecuador; eastern Colombia (Amazonia and Vaupés); Marahuaca, Venezuela and Iquitos, Peru. In Venezuela, it is known from a single juvenile specimen from Temiche, Cerro Marahuaca, Amazonas State (La Marca 1992). It has been recorded at elevations of up to 1,350 m asl. It has only been collected once in Ecuador. It also occurs at Serra da Neblina, Amazonas, and Brazil. The extent of occurrence is 997,450 km2.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives in old and second growth lowland tropical rainforest and it is found on the ground in primary forest (Rodríguez and Duellman 1994). It reproduces in small rivers and temporary and permanent streams.


It is common in Colombia but rare elsewhere, although may be understudied in some areas. Overall the population is stable.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Deforestation for wood harvest is a threat to this species.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species occurs in several protected areas. 

Conservation Needed
In the face of some deforestation within this species range, further site management is required.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2015. Rhinella ceratophrys. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T54607A61393455.


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