This species can be found from Chiapas, Mexico, to central Nicaragua on the Atlantic versant and from eastern Oaxaca, Mexico, to Honduras and El Salvador on the Pacific versant, at elevations of 40-1,980m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs and reproduces in ponds and streams in lowland moist and wet and premontane moist and wet forests.
It is relatively common in Honduras and locally abundant in El Salvador. In Nicaragua, it has disappeared over the last eight years from certain localities, and declines have also been noted in Mexico and Guatemala. It is common in Guatemala.
Declines and disappearances in some areas are probably related to deforestation and water pollution.
Protection of the forested areas in Oaxaca and Chiapas is the only chance for this species in this area. Otherwise occurs in several protected areas in much of its range.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Gunther Köhler, Manuel Acevedo, Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson 2004. Lithobates maculatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58655A11821072. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58655A11821072.en .Downloaded on 21 January 2019