AmphibiaWeb - Rana coreana


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Rana coreana Okada, 1928
Korean Brown Frog, Amur Brown Frog. Han-Guk-San-Gae-Gu-Ri
Subgenus: Rana
family: Ranidae
genus: Rana
Species Description: Song JY, Matsui M, Chung KH, Oh HS, Zhao W.2006 Distinct specific status of the Korean brown frog, Rana amurensis coreana (Amphibia: Ranidae). Zoolog Sci. 2006 Feb;23(2):219-24

© 2009 Pierre Fidenci (1 of 9)

AmphibiaChina 中国两栖类.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Least Concern (LC)
National Status None
Regional Status None
Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report .



View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (23 records).

This species is the smallest of all brown frogs found in Korea, with males reaching up to 38 mm and females to 44 mm svl. Two dorsal stripes with black spots. This species differs from other brown frogs (e.g., Rana dybowskii) by having a continuous white line along the upper lips. Distinct dark speckling extends from behind the eardrums to the hedge of the snout. Dorsal and ventral skin are smooth with no tubercles. Toe webbing is well-developed. Males are smaller than females and have nuptial pads on the first finger during breeding season.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Korea, Democratic People's Republic of, Korea, Republic of


View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (23 records).
It occurs in Korea (Democratic People's Republic of and Korea, Republic of). Widely distributed in Republic of Korea. It inhabits mostly paddy fields and associated creeks at low elevations (up to 700 m asl but usually below 400 m asl; Song 2008).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Breeding occurs in early spring and metamorphs can be observed in late May (P. Fidenci, personal observation 2009). This species returns to mountain valleys prior to hibernation.

Trends and Threats
Population trends are unknown, however it can be quite common in some areas of Korea. This species has been observed to successfully breed in rice paddies where local residents used pesticides (P. Fidenci, personal observation 2009). Threats to this species include aquatic habitat alteration and loss, pesticides, fertilizers, and pollutants.

Relation to Humans
The species is dependent on the use and preservation of rice paddies.

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

General habitat alteration and loss
Drainage of habitat
Local pesticides, fertilizers, and pollutants


Fidenci, P. (2009). Personal observations on Rana coreana. Kyeonggi-do, Sinbuk-myeon, Gawol-eup, Republic of Korea. May 2009.

Shannon, F. A. (1956). ''The reptiles and amphibians of Korea.'' Herpetologica, 12, 22-49.

Song, J.-Y. (2007). A Field Guide Book of Amphibians and Reptiles in the Korean National Park, National Park Research Institute, Annual Report No. 2007-3. KNPS, Korea.

Song, J.-Y. (2008). Rana coreana. In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. Downloaded on 22 June 2009.

Song, J.-Y., Matsui, M., Chung, K.-H., Oh, H.-S., and Zhao, W. (2006). ''Distinct specific status of the Korean brown frog, Rana amurensis coreana (Amphibia: Ranidae).'' Zoological Science, 23, 219-224.

Szyndlar, Z. (1984). ''A description of a small collection of amphibians and reptiles from the People's Democratic Republic of Korea with notes on the distribution of the herpetofauna in that country.'' Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia, 27, 1-18.

Yang, S.-Y., and Yu, C. H. (1978). ''Checklist of Korean amphibians.'' Bulletin of the Institute of Basic Sciences, Inha University, 5, 81-90.

Originally submitted by: Pierre Fidenci (first posted 2009-06-22)
Edited by: Kellie Whittaker (2009-06-23)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2009 Rana coreana: Korean Brown Frog <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed May 19, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 19 May 2024.

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