This species can be found in extreme southern New Mexico (Eddy County) and central and western Texas (north to Collin County), USA, south through eastern and southern Mexico through the Yucatán peninsula, Belize, northern Guatemala to northeastern Nicaragua. Introduced and well established at numerous sites along the lower Colorado River from the Mexican border north to Yuma, Arizona, and east 265km along the Gila River, to approximately Buckeye, Maricopa County, replacing native L. yavapaiensis (Platz et al. 1990, Clarkson and Rorabauch 1989, Platz 1991). A dichopatric population is present in western Chihuahua, Mexico (Smith and Chizar, 2003). It has a elevational range of sea level to 2,595m asl (western Chihuahua).
Habitat and Ecology
This species can be found along streams and rivers, springs, stock ponds, backwaters, canals, drainage ditches, and arroyo pools in grassland, shrubland, savannah, desert, and woodland areas; chiefly a stream dweller. It utilizes both temporary and permanent water. Eggs and larvae develop in flowing or non-flowing water (mostly the former).
This is one of the most widespread species of the genus. In some areas it has been detected that it can survive even under anthropogenic disturbed circumstances.
There appear to be no major threats to this species.
Further taxonomic studies are needed. This species occurs in several protected areas and is considered (probably incorrectly) under the Special Protection category by the Red Data Book of the Mexican Government.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
The taxonomic status of populations in the southern part of the range of this species is questionable and in need of further study; it is possible that multiple species are represented (Frost 1985, Campbell 1998, Lee 2000). We follow Campbell (1998) and Lee (1996) in considering L. brownorum to be a synonym of L. berlandieri. Smith and Chiszar (2003), consider the southwestern population of the species in Chihuahua, Mexico, to be dichopatric from the eastern population, and note that the western population probably represents a different taxon.
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Geoffrey Hammerson, Gunther Köhler, Larry David Wilson, Julian Lee, Rogelio Cedeño Vázquez 2010. Lithobates berlandieri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T58561A11804296. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T58561A11804296.en .Downloaded on 21 January 2019