AmphibiaWeb - Rana areolata


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Rana areolata (Baird & Girard, 1852)
Crawfish Frog, Southern Crawfish Frog (R. a. areolatus), Northern Crawfish Frog (R. a. circulosus)
Subgenus: Pantherana
family: Ranidae
genus: Rana
Taxonomic Notes: This species was placed in the genus Lithobates by Frost et al. (2006). However, Yuan et al. (2016, Systematic Biology, doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syw055) showed that this action created problems of paraphyly in other genera. Yuan et al. (2016) recognized subgenera within Rana for the major traditional species groups, with Lithobates used as the subgenus for the Rana palmipes group. AmphibiaWeb recommends the optional use of these subgenera to refer to these major species groups, with names written as Rana (Aquarana) catesbeiana, for example.

© 2010 Todd Pierson (1 of 24)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Near Threatened (NT)
NatureServe Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
National Status None
Regional Status None
Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report .



View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (24 records).

Rana areolata attains a snout-vent length of 105mm in males and 113mm in females. It has a stocky body with short legs, a conspicuous sacral hump and a large head. A post-tympanic ridge and dorsolateral folds are present. The dorsal surface is smooth to warty and ranges in ground color from creamy white to black. Round to irregular spots are present, usually with pale borders. The ventral surface ranges from immaculate to heavily mottled. The groin and conceled portion of the limbs are often yellowish-green in color. The legs are banded and the upper jaw is mottled. Males have lateral vocal sacs.

R. a. areolata and R. a. circulosa are subspecies.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: United States

U.S. state distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Arkansas, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas


View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (24 records).
Ranges from North Carolina, through Florida, to southeastern Louisiana, and from eastern Texas northward to Wisconsin and Indiana.


Altig, R. and Lohoefener, R. (1963). ''Rana areolata.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 324.1-324.4.

Originally submitted by: April Robinson (first posted 2001-02-12)
Edited by: Kevin Gin (2003-12-04)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2003 Rana areolata: Crawfish Frog <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Feb 22, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 22 Feb 2024.

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