This species can be found in the eastern United States from southern New York to southern Indiana and south to the Gulf Coast, and from sea level up to 1,500 m asl (Raffaëlli 2007), it is absent from most of Atlantic coastal plain south of Virginia and from peninsular Florida (Petranka 1998).
Habitat and Ecology
It can be found in cold, clear, rocky streams and springs in wooded or open areas. Adults occur in or near water in leaf-litter and under rocks, and in crevices and burrows near water. Adults sometimes disperse into woods. Eggs are attached to underside of rocks in water. Larvae occur in still pools and most undergo metamorphosis before 17 months.
It is widespread and considered to be secure.
Deforestation, acid drainage from coalmines, and stream siltation and pollution undoubtedly has resulted in the loss of many subpopulations (Petranka 1998). However, the species is overall considered to be secure on a global scale.
It occurs in many protected areas.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Pseudotriton ruber. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T59404A56253351. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T59404A56253351.en .Downloaded on 17 November 2018