Pseudotriton ruber
Red Salamander
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2014 Todd Pierson (1 of 68)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species can be found in the eastern United States from southern New York to southern Indiana and south to the Gulf Coast, and from sea level up to 1,500 m asl (Raffaƫlli 2007), it is absent from most of Atlantic coastal plain south of Virginia and from peninsular Florida (Petranka 1998).

Habitat and Ecology

It can be found in cold, clear, rocky streams and springs in wooded or open areas. Adults occur in or near water in leaf-litter and under rocks, and in crevices and burrows near water. Adults sometimes disperse into woods. Eggs are attached to underside of rocks in water. Larvae occur in still pools and most undergo metamorphosis before 17 months.


It is widespread and considered to be secure.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Deforestation, acid drainage from coalmines, and stream siltation and pollution undoubtedly has resulted in the loss of many subpopulations (Petranka 1998). However, the species is overall considered to be secure on a global scale.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in many protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Pseudotriton ruber. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T59404A56253351. .Downloaded on 22 February 2019


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