This species is restricted to the San Martín and Santo Marta volcanoes, Los Tuxtlas, in coastal Veracruz, Mexico, occurring from 100 up to 1,300m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is terrestrial and fossorial living in leaf-litter in lowland wet forest, and is not very tolerant of habitat disturbance. Breeding takes place by direct development.
It is still quite an abundant species.
The main threat is deforestation, as a result of expanding subsistence farming and human settlements, and also logging. Much of the lowere forest on San Martin has been denuded (Joseph Mendelson pers. comm., 2007).
It occurs in the Reserva de la Biósfera Los Tuxtlas, which affords a degree of protection, although there remains a need for more effective management of this area.
Red List Status
This genus is undergoing taxonomic revision (G. Parra-Olea and D. Wake pers. comm.).
Parra-Olea, G. & Wake, D. 2008. Pseudoeurycea orchimelas. In: IUCN 2014