Pseudoeurycea orchimelas

Subgenus: Pseudoeurycea
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2017 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 2)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is restricted to the San Martín and Santo Marta volcanoes, Los Tuxtlas, in coastal Veracruz, Mexico, occurring from 100 up to 1,300m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is terrestrial and fossorial living in leaf-litter in lowland wet forest, and is not very tolerant of habitat disturbance. Breeding takes place by direct development.


It is still quite an abundant species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threat is deforestation, as a result of expanding subsistence farming and human settlements, and also logging. Much of the lowere forest on San Martin has been denuded (Joseph Mendelson pers. comm., 2007).

Conservation Actions

It occurs in the Reserva de la Biósfera Los Tuxtlas, which affords a degree of protection, although there remains a need for more effective management of this area.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)

Taxonomic Notes

This genus is undergoing taxonomic revision (G. Parra-Olea and D. Wake pers. comm.).


Parra-Olea, G. & Wake, D. 2008. Pseudoeurycea orchimelas. In: IUCN 2014


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