This species is known only from the northern slopes of the Sierra de Juarez, northern Oaxaca, Mexico, at 1,100m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in cloud forest, where it is terrestrial and fossorial, and does not survive in seriously disturbed habitats. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.
It is very poorly known, and only a few specimens have ever been recorded, despite much fieldwork having been carried out in its range.
The main threats are habitat loss due to logging, human settlement, and expanding agriculture.
It does not occur in any protected areas, making habitat protection a priority to ensure the long-term survival of this species. Further survey work is needed to determine its current population status.
Red List Status
This genus is undergoing taxonomic revision (G. Parra-Olea and D. Wake pers. comm.). There is a question as to whether both Pseudoeurycea orchileucos and Pseudoeurycea orchimelas are distinct, valid species.
Parra-Olea, G. & Wake, D. 2008. Pseudoeurycea orchileucos. In: IUCN 2014