This species is known only from the vicinity of San Vicente Lachixio town, in the Sierra Madre del Sur, in Oaxaca, Mexico, at 2,100m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is known from pine-oak forest, where it lives in sinkholes, crevices and caves, always in moist places. Reproduction is by direct development.
There have been no records of it for 15 years, but it was never common. Recent searches for it have been unsuccessful, and it might already be extinct.
Its habitat around San Vicente Lachixio town has largely disappeared, with almost all the trees having been cut down. As a result, the habitat has dried out, which is to the detriment of this species.
Urgent protection of any remaining forest near the type locality area is required, but security problems in the area make it difficult to implement conservation measures for this species. It is listed as "threatened" (Amenazada) by the Mexican government. The taxonomic validity of this species is not clear and needs to be investigated.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
The taxonomic validity of this species is not clear (G. Parra-Olea and D. Wake pers. comm.).
Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, James Hanken 2008. Pseudoeurycea anitae. In: IUCN 2014