This species from southeastern Brazil occurs in the States of Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Paraná. Records from Paraguay appear to be in error. It occurs at 500-1,700m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is found in primary and secondary forest, but not open areas, living in leaf-litter on the forest floor. Adults are sometimes found in the stumps of tree ferns. It breeds in mountain streams.
It is a common species.
The major threats are probably related to habitat loss due to agriculture, livestock grazing, clear-cutting, human settlement and tourism.
It occurs in several protected areas.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Magno Vicente Segalla, Oswaldo Luiz Peixoto 2004. Proceratophrys appendiculata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57293A11603372. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57293A11603372.en .Downloaded on 19 February 2019